Welcome to the Legislative Yuan, Republic of China
Melody of Taiwan
Symphony of Democracy
The Legislative Yuan
The Republic of China
The Legislative Yuan is the highest legislative body. It is formed by legislators elected by the people to exercise the legislative right and supervise administrative policies.
After several constitutional amendments, the Legislative Yuan has become the unicameral parliament of the Republic of China.
In 1928, the Legislative Yuan was established in Nangkin. It moved to Taiwan with the central government in 1950. The original site was at Jhongshan Hall, Taipei city. Then it moved to the present location. Since then, Taiwan has seen the implementation of local autonomy, the lifting of martial law, the right released to organize political parties , the overall re-election of the parliament , direct election of the State President, the commencement of the cross-strait communications , the transition of power , and participation in international organizations, such as WTO and WHA , respectively. After so many hardships, Taiwan has laid a foundation for democratic heritage and liberal essence.
onal articles of the constitution in 2005. Since the election of the 7th term legislators, the system of single-member districts and two votes were adopted. The number of seats was cut from 225 to 113, and the length of each term was extended from 3 to 4 years.
The administrative regions in Taiwan were adjusted into 5 municipalities , 17 counties and cities so that the names of election districts were -changed, but the constituencies remained the same.
The elections for the 8th term legislators and the 13th term State President were held together on January 14th, 2012. As a result, 113 legislators were elected, in which. 73 seats were elected from municipalities, counties, and cities, 6 seats were elected from the indigenous people and 34 seats were non-constituency and overseas legislators nominated by party lists.
The 8th term legislators inaugurated, and then the President and the Vice President of the legislative Yuan were elected by the legislators on February 1st, 2012.
With the sacred mission granted by the Constitution, all legislators are obligated to undertake the wills of people and speak for their voters. By means of deliberations and resolutions in the meetings, the legislators could hence supervise the administration, and enact good laws so as to create the highest happiness index for people.
According to Additional Article Four of the Constitution, each county or city should have at least one legislator.
Taipei City is divided into 8 electoral districts to elect 8 seats .
New Taipei City is divided into 12 electoral districts to elect 12 seats.
Taichung City is divided into 8 electoral districts to elect 8 seats.
Tainan City is divided into 5 electoral districts to elect 5 seats.
Kaohsiung City is divided into 9 electoral districts to elect 9 seats.
Taoyuan County is divided into 6 electoral districts to elect 6 seats.
Both Hsinchu County and City have 1 electoral district each to elect 1 seat each.
Miaoli County is divided into 2 electoral districts to elect 2 seats.
Changhua County is divided into 4 electoral districts to elect 4 seats.
Nantou County is divided into 2 electoral districts to elect 2 seats.
Yunlin County is divided into 2 electoral districts to elect 2 seats.
Chiayi County and City are divided into 3 electoral districts to elect 3 seats.
Pingtung County is divided into 3 electoral districts to elect 3 seats.
Taitung County, Hualien County, Keelung City, and Yilan County each has 1 electoral district and each elects 1 seat.
Ponhu County, Kinmen County, and Lienchiang County each has 1 electoral district and each elects 1 seat.
According to the Constitution, 3 indigenous legislators are elected from the plain regions, and the other 3 are elected from the mountain regions.
Non-constituency and overseas compatriot legislators are produced depending on the proportional representation of their parties. A party which garners more than 5% of total party votes can join the allocation of those 34 seats proportionally The seats for female legislators on each party list should not be less than 1/2.
Diverse political parties represent the diverse voices of the people. The Legislative Yuan gathers various voices, integrates the democratic streams, and accomplishes the highest well-beings for all people. It is honored to play the touching melodies for Taiwanese democracy.
The Legislative Yuan has one President and one Vice President elected by legislators mutually. The President takes charge of presiding the Yuan Sittings and generally supervising the Yuan administration. .
The Legislative Yuan has a Secretary-General and a Deputy Secretary-General to deal with the comprehensive affairs of the Yuan under the instruction of the President. There are several administrative departments underneath, to support various needs for legislators.
There are 8 standing committees in the Legislative Yuan. Each legislator can only attend one committee. Standing committees are obligated to deliberate bills and petition documents referred by the Yuan Sittings, or invite relative executive ministers to deliver their reports. There are 4 ad hoc committees in charge of specific tasks.
The term of legislators lasts four years. They are eligible for re-election, but cannot serve as officials concurrently. The legislators have the privilege of immunity of speech in the parliament. Except for cases in flagrante delicto, the legislators can not be arrested or detained without the permission of the Yuan during the sessions.
The Yuan is empowered to deliberate bills for statutes, budgets, martial law enacting or lifting, amnesties declarations of war, conclusion of peace treaties and other important affairs of the state.
The Yuan expresses the people will through inviting the State President to deliver his national statement, holding by-election of the State VicePresident, proposing constitutional amendments, territory modification, impeachmentand recall bills, reconfirming emergency order, dealing with reconsideration bills and no-confidence motions, consenting personnel, deliberating administrative regulations,and holding legislative investigation and public hearing.
The plenary sessions of the Legislative Yuan take place from February to May and from September to December each year. During recess, extraordinary meetings can be held with the requirement of more than one-fourth of the legislators or with the request of the State President.
The Yuan Sittings are scheduled every Tuesday and Friday. The presence of 1/3 of the legislators is required to officially start a Yuan Sitting.
“The proposed bill” shall be sent to the Procedure Committee to set the bill agenda. Government-proposed or legislators-proposed statutory bills shall be listed on the agenda for report. The title of bills shall be read out loud for the First Reading in the Yuan Sitting. Then these bills shall be immediately referred to appropriate committees for examination, or be proceeded directly to the Second Reading. Other bills proposed by the legislators shall be discussed in the Yuan Sitting, then be referred to appropriate committees for examination, or be sent directly to the Second Reading, or be excluded from further discussion.
To deliberate bills referred by the Yuan Sitting, each committee may hold public hearings, and any disputes can be resolved through the party caucus negotiation.
At the Second Reading, the bills shall be broadly discussed article by article.
Only statutory and budgetary bills are required to undergo the entire three-reading procedure. The Third Reading shall not revise contents of the bill other than rephrasing, unless the bills are self-contradictory, unconstitutional, or in conflict with other laws. Bills passing the Third Reading shall be sent to the State President for promulgation and sent to Executive Yuan for execution.
Should the Executive Yuan consider it difficult to execute the statutory bills, budgetary bills or treaties, it can ask for the permission of the State President and return the bills to the legislature for reconsideration. If more than half of legislators uphold the original resolution, the Premier should accept the bills.
People can send petition cases to the Legislative Yuan, and related committees should examine to ensure the petition right of people.
To reach the goal of a high-quality parliament, the Legislative Yuan has established a parliamentary information system by employing the most updated technology. It provides complete services of bills, conference affairs, official gazette, the live broadcast of law-making, historical videos, and bill database. People can learn about the latest law-making on internet. The system provides the best channel for the mutual communication with people. It enhances parliamentary efficiency and the transparency of information. The legislators’ efficiency of law-making is also enhanced.
Besides active proposing and constituency service, legislators usually take care of the minority groups and carry out social responsibilities.
In recent years, the Legislative Yuan has been very active in participating international organizations and has become members of regional parliamentary unions. It highlights its function in parliamentary diplomacy and helps the administrative sector expand the diplomatic arena of the country. Up to now, more than 50 parliaments in the world have signed up cooperative agreements or established bilateral friendship groups with Legislative Yuan. The legislators have organized more than 40 bilateral friendship groups with other parliaments. Substantial achievements include: Urging the European Parliaments to grant Taiwan entry into the Schengen Visa-waiver program, two delegation were led by President Wang to visit Japan with the missions of offering consolation for earthquake of March 11, 2011 and helping boost tourism in Hokkaido, respectively. The Yuan also assists in promoting the signing of FTAs with other countries. Through the channel, the Yuan could help the administration solve international disputes in fishery and other aspects. .
Reminisce about the past and look into the future,
the Legislative Yuan feels obligated to serve as the critical power
for promoting national development!
The Republic of China is the first democratic country in Asia. The Legislative Yuan is the symbol of democracy in Taiwan. Let’s keep playing the tune of happiness for Taiwan in this democratic symphony.